What You Need to Know About All-Wheel Drive Vehicles

June 28th, 2019 by


If you like going off-road or frequently drive in the snow, an all-wheel-drive (AWD) vehicle is the ride for you. However, many people often get all-wheel-drive and four-wheel-drive (4WD) confused vehicles. Here we have presented you with important information about all-wheel drive that will clear the confusion. 

Understanding How AWD Works

In all-wheel-drive vehicles, the engine sends power to all four wheels. This is done in different ways and depends on the AWD technology used by the car manufacturer. An AWD system improves traction and performance of the vehicle. However, it does not improve turning and stopping and you still need to be cautious while driving. AWD is recommended if you live in a region which is covered with snow and ice most of the year. 

Here are some important things to remember about all-wheel-drive vehicles. 

The Type of Tires You Use Are Important

The type of tires you have on your vehicle play an important role in the performance and safety of an all-wheel-drive vehicle. If you are living in an area where there is heavy snowfall, you need to use winter tires during the colder months. The increased flexibility and better tread of snow tires give a better grip on the road in colder months, improving both handling and performance.

Maintain the Fluid Levels

Just like any other car, an AWD vehicle also needs good lubrication for the transmission, differentials and the transfer case. You need to use the fluids recommended by the car manufacturer to keep the AWD vehicle in optimal condition, make sure they are maintained according to schedule.

AWD Results in a Lower Fuel Economy 

While all-wheel-drive vehicles offer good handling and performance, they are not fuel efficient. AWD vehicles offer lower fuel economy in comparison to front- or rear-wheel-drive vehicles.  If you are looking for a fuel-efficient vehicle, an all-wheel-drive vehicle won’t fit the bill. 

Tire Size Is Important

There is a misunderstanding that the rear tires in an AWD vehicle should be bigger than the front tires. If you follow this tip, you are more likely to cause damage to the transfer case. According to experts, you should use the same size tires in the front and rear of an all-wheel-drive vehicle. This is important because the power is transferred to all wheels in the AWD vehicle. If there is considerable circumference difference between any of the tires, it can damage the transfer case. According to automotive professionals, you should use the same model of tires from the same manufacturer on every wheel. In addition, you should also ensure the tread design and level of all your tires is the same. If the tread design or amount of tread is mismatched, it will put more stress on the transfer case, thereby damaging it. 

Replace All Four Tires

If any of the tires of your AWD vehicle needs to be replaced, they all need to be replaced. If you ignore this advice, it may result in costly damage to the transmission or other important components 

If you are planning to buy an all-wheel-drive vehicle, the information given in this post will help you properly maintain your AWD vehicle.

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